United Nations Day

MENU

St James Palace
United Nations Day
Thomas H. Shepherd/photograph of a watercolour painting. The St James Palace, London.

Picture courtesy of www.un.org

United Nations Day marks the anniversary of the entry into force in 1945 of the UN Charter. With the ratification of this founding document by the majority of its signatories, including the five permanent members of the Security Council, the United Nations officially came into being.

24 October has been celebrated as United Nations Day since 1948. In 1971, the United Nations General Assembly recommended that the day be observed by Member States as a public holiday. But in truth the United Nations began far earlier than 1945. Its beginning was a Declaration made at St. James' Palace, London, England, 1941. In June 1941, London was the home of 9 exiled governments. The great British capital had already seen 22 months of war and in the bomb-marked city, air-raid sirens wailed all too frequently. Yet it was here that the representatives of Great Britain, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and the Union of South Africa and of the exiled governments of Belgium, Czechoslovakia Greece, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Yugoslavia and of General de Gaulle of France, met at the ancient St. James’ Palace and signed a declaration which was the seed of the United Nations.

All present knew this was something that had already failed once, back after WWI there existed what was called the 'League of Nations'. WWI was meant to be the "War that ended all Wars", the 'League of Nations' was formed to provide a forum to settle internatinal disputes and maintain world peace. It failed because of a great evil that arose and the World tumbled into WWII in 1939-1940.

Unlike the 'League of Nations" which was formed during peacetime after WWI. The United Nations main features were devised while war was still in progress. The more comprehensive powers assigned to the UN for the preservation of peace may owe something to the urgent conditions in which it was conceived. Also while the League of Nations arose out of the Paris Conference that worked out the WWI Peace Terms with Germany, the UN Covenant was hammered out independently behind closed doors, first by the 5 major powers of the era — France, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States — and eventually in conjunction with nine other allied nations. Well that's what they tell us - the truth is the core of it was hammered out, somewhere in a boat in the Atlantic Ocean in 1941, a few months after the St James Declaration, in a face to face meeting between British Prime Minister Churchill and US President Franklin D.Roosevelt, it was called the Atlantic Charter, and most of it was ratified into the United Nations Covenant.

The final text of the UN Charter, was the product of combined efforts of 50 nations represented at the 1945 San Francisco Conference and therefore took into account the views of the smaller nations, especially their concern to give the new organization far-reaching responsibilities in promoting economic and social cooperation and the independence of colonial peoples. The League of Nations had been a toothless dog barking at the moon - The UN has teeth and is prepared to use them!

While the UN has been responsible for helping millions of people and peacefully resolving numerous disputes, I believe its greatest achivement, created as many disputes as it settled; but it was what God wanted! On November 29, 1947 the United Nations adopted Resolution 181 (also known as the Partition Resolution) that would divide Great Britain's former Palestinian mandate into Jewish and Arab states in May 1948 when the British mandate was scheduled to end. Thus Re-Creating the Nation of Israel, and allowing the survivors of the Holocaust to return to their true Home.